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Bronze Age houses uncovered in Cambridgeshire 'best ever' #archaeology #cambridge

Bronze Age houses uncovered in Cambridgeshire 'best ever'


Excavating a roundhouseImage copyrightCambridge archaeological unit
Image captionArchaeologists work on a wooden platform as they uncover the houses
Archaeologists have uncovered what they believe to be the "best-preserved Bronze Age dwellings ever found in Britain".
The circular wooden houses, built on stilts, form part of a settlement at Must Farm quarry, in Cambridgeshire, and date to about 1000-800 BC.
A fire destroyed the posts, causing the houses to fall into a river where silt helped preserve the contents.
Pots with meals still inside and clothing have been found at the site.
Wooden potsImage copyrightCambridge Archaeological Unit
Image captionAfter analysing wooden pots found at the site, archaeologists found food in some
An earlier test trench at the site, near Whittlesey, revealed small cups, bowls and jars.
In addition, archaeologists said "exotic" glass beads that formed part of a necklace "hinted at a sophistication not usually associated with the Bronze Age".

'Frozen in time'

Textiles made from plant fibres such as lime tree bark have also been unearthed.
However, the roundhouses themselves are now being excavated.
The work to uncover the settlement was necessary as the water level at the site was falling, meaning the remains of the houses could not be preserved in situ.
Stilts that held up the roundhousesImage copyrightCambridge Archaeological Unit
Image captionThe stilts that held the houses can be seen, together with collapsed roof timbers
Bronze Age textilesImage copyrightCambridge Archaeological Unit
Image captionThese preserved Bronze Age textiles were made from plant fibres
Duncan Wilson, chief executive of Historic England, which is jointly funding the excavation with land owner Forterra, described the settlement and contents as "an extraordinary time capsule".
He added: "A dramatic fire 3,000 years ago, combined with subsequent waterlogged preservation, has left to us a frozen moment in time, which gives us a graphic picture of life in the Bronze Age.
"This site is of international significance and its excavation really will transform our understanding of the period."

'Unsurpassed finds'

David Gibson, from Cambridge Archaeological Unit, which is leading the excavation, said: "So much has been preserved, we can actually see everyday life during the Bronze Age in the round.
"It's prehistoric archaeology in 3D, with an unsurpassed finds assemblage both in terms of range and quantity."
Excavated beadsImage copyrightcambridge archaeological unit
Image captionGlass beads found during excavation are thought to have been from a necklace
Roundhouse timbers and wallImage copyrightCambridge Archaeological Unit
Image captionCharred timbers can be seen lying over a collapsed wall
Well-preserved charred roof timbers of one of the roundhouses is clearly visible, together with timbers with tool marks and a perimeter of wooden posts known as a palisade which once enclosed the site.
Archaeologists digging two metres (6ft) below the modern surface also found preserved footprints believed to be from people who once lived there.
Once the items have been cleaned and documented they are expected to be put on public display.

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